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Allergies and Anaphylaxis

Allergies and Anaphylaxis | Texas DSHS

The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) provides guidance and information regarding allergies and anaphylaxis, emphasizing the importance of awareness, prevention, and management strategies. Allergies can vary widely in severity and type, ranging from mild reactions to potentially life-threatening anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention, as it can rapidly progress and affect multiple organ systems, leading to shock and even death if not treated promptly.

Key points from DSHS guidance on allergies and anaphylaxis include:

  1. Identification of common allergens: DSHS educates individuals on recognizing common allergens such as certain foods (e.g., peanuts, shellfish), insect stings, medications (e.g., penicillin), latex, and environmental triggers (e.g., pollen, dust mites).

  2. Symptoms of allergic reactions: DSHS outlines the symptoms of allergic reactions, which can include hives, itching, swelling, difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, and fainting.

  3. Importance of prevention: The department stresses the importance of prevention by avoiding known allergens, carrying prescribed medications (such as epinephrine auto-injectors), and developing personalized allergy action plans with healthcare providers.

  4. Emergency response for anaphylaxis: DSHS provides guidance on recognizing the signs of anaphylaxis and emphasizes the immediate administration of epinephrine if anaphylaxis is suspected. Individuals are urged to call emergency services (911) and seek medical attention promptly after administering epinephrine.

  5. Education and training: DSHS encourages educational initiatives to increase awareness about allergies and anaphylaxis among healthcare professionals, school staff, caregivers, and the general public. Training on recognizing symptoms, administering epinephrine, and implementing emergency action plans is essential for effective management.

  6. Collaborative efforts: The department emphasizes collaboration among healthcare providers, schools, workplaces, and community organizations to ensure a coordinated approach to allergy management and anaphylaxis preparedness.

By promoting awareness, prevention, and preparedness, the Texas DSHS aims to reduce the incidence of severe allergic reactions and improve outcomes for individuals at risk of anaphylaxis.

Allergies and Anaphylaxis | Texas DSHS

Guidelines for the Care of Students with Food Allergies at Risk for Anaphylaxis